Gulzar is a well-known Indian poet, lyricist, and movie director. He’s usually termed as ‘Gulzar Saab.’ Gulzar is among the most celebrated poets in India. He has penned down the lyrics for a lot of standard movies like ‘Aashirwad’ (1968), ‘Anand’ (1971), ‘Mere Apne’ (1971), ‘Namak Haraam’ (1973), ‘Khubsoorat’ (1980), ‘Rudaali’ (1993), ‘Slumdog Millionaire’ (2008), ‘Raajneeti’ (2010), ‘Jab Tak Hai Jaan’ (2012), ‘Raazi’ (2018), and ‘The Sky is Pink’ (2019).
Gulzar was born as ‘Sampooran Singh Kalra’ on Saturday, 18 August 1934 (age 85 years; as in 2019) within the Dina Metropolis of the Jhelum District in Punjab, British India (now Pakistan). His zodiac signal is Leo. He used to check in a neighborhood college in his village in Pakistan. As a result of partition of India in 1947, his household needed to break up and transfer to Delhi. He did his education from The Delhi United Christian College. His household used to reside in Delhi’s Sabzi Mandi space. In Delhi, he began working at a small store.
He attended the St Stephen’s Faculty in Delhi. After which, his father despatched him to Mumbai to make a profession for himself. To make a dwelling in Mumbai, Gulzar began taking over many small jobs in Mumbai together with the job of a mechanic and a supervisor at a storage at Vichare Motors on Bellasis Highway. Gulzar used to color accident-damaged vehicles by mixing shades of paints there. In keeping with Gulzar, he cherished to color because it gave him sufficient time to learn, write, attend school, and be concerned with the PWA (Progressive Author’s Affiliation). He was mentored by Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi, the Pakistani poet.
Peak (approx.): 5′ 6″
Eye Color: Darkish Brown
Hair Color: White
Household, Caste & Spouse
Gulzar belongs to a Kalra Sikh Household. His father’s title is Makhan Singh Kalra, and his mom’s title is Sujaan Kaur. Gulzar’s father married thrice, so, he has many stepsiblings. One in all his elder brothers was an MA in Literature, with whom he used to seek the advice of about varied literati. Gulzar bought married to Rakhee Gulzar on 15 Might 1973. The couple has a daughter named Meghna Gulzar (Bosky), who’s a movie director, producer, and author. When Meghna was only one 12 months previous, the couple bought separated because of the variations between them.
As a Lyricist
Gulzar was working with PWA (Progressive Author’s Affiliation), the place he met the veterans Shailendra and Bimal Roy, who inspired him to work in movies. He began working underneath the administrators Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. Gulzar began his profession as a lyricist with the movie “Kabuliwala (1961).” Though, he was observed after he labored for the movie “Bandini (1963),” during which he had penned down the lyrics of the tune “Mora Gora Ang Lai Le.”
Within the movie, virtually all of the songs had been written by Shailendra and he insisted Gulzar write a tune for the movie. Gulzar earned recognition after he wrote the lyrics of the tune “Humne Dekhi Hai Un Aankhon Ki Mehekti Khushboo” from the movie “Khamoshi (1969).”
He has written songs for varied movies akin to “Aashirwad (1968),” “Anand (1971),” “Mere Apne (1971),” “Namak Haraam (1973),” “Khubsoorat (1980),” “Rudaali (1993),” “Slumdog Millionaire (2008),” “Raajneeti (2010),” “Jab Tak Hai Jaan (2012),” “Raazi (2018),” “The Sky is Pink (2019),” and lots of extra.
As a Director
Gulzar made his directorial debut with the 1971 movie “Mere Apne.”
He has directed a number of movies akin to “Parichay (1972),” “Koshish (1972),” “Aandhi (1975),” “Mausam (1975),” “Libaas (1988),” and “Maachis (1996).” The final movie directed by Gulzar was “Hu Tu Tu (1999).”
As a Poet/Author
Gulzar’s poetry is principally in Hindi, Urdu, and Punjabi, and several other dialects of Hindi akin to Braj Bhasha, Khariboli, Haryanvi, and Marwari. His poetry is characterised into Triveni kind of Stanza. His poems have been revealed in 3 compilations, that are ‘Raat Pashminey Ki,’ ‘Chand Pukhraaj Ka,’ and ‘Pandrah Paanch Pachattar.’
Gulzar revealed his ebook “Raavi Paar,” a set of brief tales in 1999.
He has revealed many books akin to “Triveni,” “Pukhraj,” “Autumn Moon,” “Magical Needs: The Adventures Of Goopy & Bagha,” “Half a Rupee Tales,” and lots of extra. Gulzar revealed his first English novel “Two” in 2017.
The novel was initially written in Urdu with some phrases in Punjabi and another dialects. Gulzar initially didn’t just like the English model of the novel and stored the ebook for some time. Later, he determined to publish it after a number of modifications. Gulzar has himself translated the ebook.
Gulzar labored for the tv for the primary time for the Hindi dub of the Japanese collection “Fushigi no Kuni no Alice,” during which he wrote the lyrics for its title tune. He wrote and produced the well-known TV collection “Mirza Ghalib (1988).”
He made his directorial debut in Tv with the Youngsters’s puppet collection “Potli Baba Ki (1991).”
He was additionally the co-producer and author of the collection. He has additionally written the lyrics for the title monitor of the favored youngsters collection “Son Pari” and “Motu Patlu.”
- Reportedly, Chetan Bhagat took up the function of an emcee at an occasion; his work was to introduce the panellist and lift a number of questions at them. Gulzar was one of many panellists and whereas he was introducing Gulzar, Chetan remarked-
I’ve actually preferred the tune Kajra Re which was penned by Gulzar-saab. It was an excellent piece of poetry.”
Apparently, the comment hit Gulzar and searching straight at Chetan, he replied-
Chetan, I’m glad that an writer such as you has preferred the tune. However I don’t assume you might have understood the poetry that you’re making an attempt to speak about right here. In case you nonetheless insist, I’ll recite two strains from the tune. Inform me the that means of these.”“Teri baaton essential kimam ki khusbu hain/ Tera aana bhi garmiyon ki lu hain. Inform me the that means.”
Chetan discovered himself dumbfounded and speechless as Gulzar reprimanded him for making knowledgeable feedback on his poetry. However Gulzar didn’t finish there, he additional added-
Please don’t say stuff you don’t learn about. Remark about issues .”
- His movie “Aandhi” (1975) grew to become a topic of controversy through the emergency in India (1975-1977). This was because of the resemblance of the protagonist of the movie with the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi.
Awards & Honours
- Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2013
- Honorary Doctorate in Urdu Literature by Maulana Azaad Nationwide Urdu College in 2012
- Grammy Awards for the Finest Track Written for a Movement Image, Tv Or Different Visible Media for the tune “Jai Ho” from the movie “Slumdog Millionaire” in 2010
- Honorary D. Lit by Punjabi College in 2010
- Academy Awards for the Finest Unique Track for the tune “Jai Ho” from the movie “Slumdog Millionaire” in 2008
- Padma Bhushan in 2004
- Sahitya Akademi Award for “Dhuan” (Smoke)-short tales in Urdu in 2002
- Lifetime Honorary Fellowship by the Indian Institute of Adv. Research in 2001
- Finest Screenplay for the movie “Koshish” in 1972
- Second Finest Function Movie for “Mausam” in 1975
- Finest Lyrics for the tune “Mera Kuchh Saamaan” from the movie “Ijaazat” in 1988
- Finest Lyrics for the tune “Yaara Silli Silli” from the movie “Lekin…” in 1991
- Finest Fashionable Movie Offering Healthful Leisure for “Maachis” in 1996
- Finest Dialogue for the movie “Anand” in 1972
- Finest Dialogue for the movie “Namak Haraam” in 1974
- Critics Award for Finest Film for “Aandhi” in 1975
- Finest Director for the movie “Mausam” in 1976
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Tere Bina Zindagi Se” from the movie “Aandhi” in 1976
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Do Deewaane Shehar Mein” from the movie “Gharaonda” in 1978
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Aanewala Pal Jaane Wala Hain” from the movie “Gol Maal” in 1980
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Hazaar Raahen Mud Ke Dekhi” from the movie “Thodisi Bewafaii” in 1981
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Tujhse Naraaz Nahin Zindagi” from the movie Masoom in 1984
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Mera Kuchh Saamaan” from the movie Ijaazat in 1988
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Mera Kuchh Saamaan” from the movie Ijaazat in 1989
- Finest Documentary on “Ustad Amjad Ali Khan” in 1991
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Yaara Silli Silli” from the movie “Lekin…” in 1991
- Finest Dialogue for the movie “Maachis” in 1996
- Finest Story for the movie “Maachis” in 1996
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Chaiyya Chaiyya” from the movie “Dil Se..” in 1999
- Lifetime Achievement Award in 2002
- Finest Dialogue for the movie “Saathiya” in 2002
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Saathiya” from the movie “Saathiya” in 2003
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Kajra Re” from the movie “Bunty Aur Babli” in 2006
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Dil To Bachcha Hain Ji” from the movie “Ishqiya” in 2011
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Challa” from the movie “Jab Tak Hai Jaan” in 2013
- Finest Lyricist for the tune “Ae Watan” from the movie “Raazi” in 2019
Boskyana, 65, Nargis Dutt Rd, Pali Hill, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400050
- Poets: Mirza Ghalib, Rabindranath Tagore, Khwaja Ghulam Farid, Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah
- Writers: Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Premchand, William Shakespeare, Leo Tolstoy
- Guide: “The Gardener” by Rabindranath Tagore
- Gulzar likes sketching, studying, writing, and travelling.
- When he used to reside in Delhi, he used to go to a small bookstore close to his home; from the place he used to borrow detective books for 4 annas (former Indian foreign money) daily. The proprietor of the store was a refugee from Pakistan who had arrange a Khoka Library. In the future, the shopkeeper bought irritated by him and requested him-
Kitni kitaab padh lega? (What number of books will you learn?)”
Gulzar replied that he may learn as many as he can. So, the shopkeeper handed him a dusty thick ebook of Rabindranath Tagore’s “The Gardener.” The shopkeeper gave him the ebook considering that he won’t be able to learn the ebook in at some point. As Gulzar learn the ebook, he was so touched by it that he by no means returned the ebook. In keeping with Gulzar, he nonetheless has the ebook and it was additionally the primary ebook that he had stolen. Speaking about it, Gulzar says-
Tagore made me a thief.”
- Gulzar’s father didn’t need him to turn out to be a author.
- His love for Urdu poetry got here by way of his Urdu instructor named Mujeebur Rahman, who had taught him within the Delhi United Christian College. His preliminary poems had been quite simple and described his nostalgic journey on his method to college or an empty can rolling on the street.
- He was not good at lecturers, and Arithmetic was his least favorite topic.
- Throughout his school days, he used to put on a turban.
- His elder brother wished him to check for CA and when he handed his school, he was given the choice of becoming a member of the Navy. As Gulzar hated uniforms, he didn’t take it up and moved to Mumbai.
- When he began out as a author, he adopted the pen title ‘Gulzar Deenvi,’ which he later modified to Gulzar.
- Gulzar wrote two songs within the 1971 movie “Guddi;” certainly one of them being “Humko Man Ki Shakti Dena,” which continues to be recited as a prayer in many colleges in India.
- His starvation for poetry and writing additional strengthened by way of his affiliation with Indian Individuals’s Theatre Affiliation (IPTA), the place he had befriended Basu Bhattacharya, Salil Choudhury, Debu Sen, Shailendra, and Sukhbir (a outstanding Punjabi-Hindi poet).
- Gulzar initially wished to turn out to be a instructor as it could’ve given him sufficient time for studying and writing.
- Since his childhood, he has been near Bengali tradition. He realized Bengali simply to know Rabindranath Tagore’s work higher. He considers Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee as his Gurus, and it was by way of them that his robust love for Bengali Tradition intensified.
- Rabindranath Tagore’s works impressed Gulzar to learn and write. He has additionally translated a number of works of Tagore from Bengali.
- Amongst all of his works, most are primarily based on the turmoil of the Partition of India. The reason being that he had himself confronted the end result of the partition and thus, his experiences are mirrored in his compositions; certainly one of such books is “Footprints on Zero Line,” which is a compilation of poems about his experiences of the Partition of India.
- Gulzar has a powerful liking to Garden Tennis and enjoys enjoying it in his spare time. He even gained a trophy in Tennis in a neighborhood membership match in 2015.
- The tune “Ay Hairathe Aashiqui” from the movie “Guru (2006)” was written by Gulzar and to write down the tune, he took the inspiration from Amir Khusrow’s “Ay Sarbathe Aashiqui.” The tune was composed by A. R. Rahman.
- The well-known tune “Chaiyya Chaiyya,” which is written by Gulzar was impressed by the Sufi people tune “Thaiyya Thaiyya” by the poet Bulle Shah (a Mughal-era Punjabi Islamic thinker and Sufi poet).
- “Angoor (1982),” which was directed by Gulzar was primarily based on Shakespeare’s drama ‘The Comedy of Errors.’
- The anthem “Nazar Essential Rehte Ho,” which was sung by Shankar Mahadevan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan was written by Gulzar for the joint peace marketing campaign ‘Aman ki Asha’ began by Pakistan’s and India’s main media homes.
- In an interview, he revealed that he preferred the color white a lot that he at all times wish to put on white garments. He adds-
I’ve been sporting white since my school days. I like color, but when I put on colored garments now, it could really feel like I’m being false. And that’s the worst factor I may very well be. One thing aside from myself. Both in work, or in life.”
- In an interview, giving additional particulars about his affection with the color white, he mentioned that he wears Kurta however have by no means worn a Pyjama. Speaking about his apparel, Gulzar said-
I’ve by no means worn a pyjama! It is a common pair of trousers, with the entrance crease and every part. Earlier, I wore a dhoti very often, and fortunately, no one ever pulled it down,” he laughs. “I nonetheless put on a shalwar on itvaar (Sunday), the Punjabi-Pathani one, like they put on in my residence city of Deena, now in Pakistan. It’s simply because I’m an Urdu poet that folks assume I’m sporting a pyjama with my kurta. You may lastly break this false impression.”
- In an interview, Gulzar revealed that the musician and actor Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner CBE, popularly referred to as Sting, has impressed most of his works.
- Gulzar has additionally labored for Karadi Tales. He has authored and narrated the audiobooks for Karadi tales akin to “Rangeela Geedhad,” “Besura Dhondu,” “Raja Kapi,” and extra.
- There are a number of biographies made on him akin to “Within the Firm of a Poet: Gulzar in Dialog with Nasreen Munni Kabir” by Nasrin Munni Kabir, “Echoes and Eloquences: The Life and Cinema of Gulzar ” by Saibal Chatterjee, together with one written down by his daughter Meghna Gulzar titled “As a result of He Is…”
- Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi was his mentor in literature. Gulzar used to name him ‘Baba.’ Qasmi revealed Gulzar’s poem in his journal Funoon. Even the primary assortment of Gulzar poems was revealed by Qasmi’s daughter underneath Qasmi’s steering.
- Gulzar gained the Academy Awards for the Finest Unique Track for the tune “Jai Ho” from the movie “Slumdog Millionaire” in 2008, however he didn’t attend the perform to gather his trophy. Citing the rationale, he says-
As a result of I didn’t have a black coat [laughs]. On a severe notice, I could let you know that the timings didn’t go well with me. I had earlier commitments to fulfil.”
- Other than being an excellent author, he’s additionally an artist as he makes sketches at any time when he will get spare time.
- In April 2013, Gulzar was appointed because the Chancellor of the Assam College.
- Gulzar was so impressed with the bust of Mirza Ghalib displayed on the Ghalib ki Haveli in Outdated Delhi that he sculptured the identical for himself and has stored it in his home.
- Gulzar additionally has an enormous curiosity in music and is aware of find out how to play the sitar.
- He wrote the well-known tune ‘Chaddi Pahen Ke Phool Khila Hai’ for the movie collection “Jungle Guide.”